PENS-308 / 4 crédits
Withdrawal: It is not allowed to withdraw from this subject after the registration deadline.
The UE Argamassa Armada will develop prototypes of structural elements in textile reinforced concrete (TRC) for the context of social housing in Nicaragua, based on the knowledge of the TRC Prototype Pavilion at EPFL Fribourg, where the UE will take place.
This research through the making is based on the use of innovative Textile Reinforced Concrete (TRC), a material with high mechanical properties where a carbon fabric is embedded in a cementitious matrix cast with low-clinker content binders, like LC3. The use of such binders together with the high efficiency of the reinforcing material allows to dramatically reduce the ecological footprint of construction (use of less material and with lower energy consumption for production). TRC allows thus building very thin and highly durable, and thus very sustainable structures.
The UE aims at further exploring the structural, architectonic, environmental and social dimensions of TRC and its application, especially in the context of social housing in Latin America. Based on the TRC Prototype Pavilion, started in 2019 at EPFL Fribourg and prior research on Brazilian architect Lelé's Argamassa Armada (ferrocement), we will develop TRC elements for social houses in Nicaragua, where the teaching team established a project partnership with Grupo Sofonias, an organization working with local communities in the rural area of Jinotepe, Nicaragua. We will also test the use of LC3 cement for TRC, thanks to the collaboration of the LMC lab at the EPFL, a sustainable binder developed at EPFL and already in the way to be implemented in Latin America.
Our working method is a reiterative process of developing trough testing at EPFL Fribourg. Architecture, environmental engineering, and civil engineering students will develop a concept of social housing design and build structural elements in textile reinforced concrete, fabricate formwork in folded metal, prepare the textile reinforcement, mix and cast concrete and conceive and test the materials, structural elements and the assembly and behavior of the TRC elements.
Textile reinforced concrete (TRC), social housing, technological and social innovation, knowledge transfer, interdisciplinarity (architecture and engineering)
By the end of the course, the student must be able to:
- Create the conceptual design of social housing
- Assess / Evaluate the needs for housing in developing countries
- Design a structural element / system in textile reinforced concrete for a specific social context
- Construct a formwork system in folded metal
- Dimension a structural element in textile reinforced concrete
- Test structural and material limits
- Assemble the elements to create a shelter
Work will take place in an atelier format, trough drawing, 1:1 fabrication and collaborative discussions. It will be supported by lectures.
Expected student activities
Students will need to understand and go through the complete process of analysis, conception, execution and testing:
- Analysis / understanding of social and technological context
- Conceptual design of the architectures of social housing
- Conceptual design of the structure and the structural elements
- Conception and construction of formwork in folded metal
- Placement of textile reinforcement in the formwork
- Casting of concrete, unmolding
- Erection of the elements to create the structure and shelter building
- Scientific protocol of the technical information and functional layout of the element and casting process
Ongoing evaluation: students will be evaluated on the basis of the following criteria:
- ability to work in drawing and 1:1 construction.
- capacity to use testing as a means of advancing an architectural and structural idea.
- collaboration (communication, teamwork, flexibility within different roles);
- Engagement (participation, initiative, responsibility)
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Dans les plans d'études
- Semestre: Printemps
- Forme de l'examen: Pendant le semestre (session d'été)
- Matière examinée: Argamassa armada
- Cours: 1 Heure(s) hebdo x 12 semaines
- Projet: 3 Heure(s) hebdo x 12 semaines
Semaine de référence